Scientific facts about ANTS in Qur’an


In the name of Allah The most gracious The most merciful



The ‪#‎Quran‬ indicates, when recounting ‪#‎Prophet‬ ‪#‎Sulayman‬‘s (peace be upon him) life, that ants have a communication system:

“Then, when they reached the Valley of the Ants, an ant said: ‘Ants! Enter your dwellings, so that Sulayman and his troops do not crush you unwittingly.’” (Qur’an, 27:18)

‪#‎Scientific‬ research into ants has revealed that these tiny animals have very organised social lives and that, as a requirement of that organisation, they also have a very complex communication network. For example, National Geographic reports that:

“Huge and tiny, an ant carries in her head multiple sensory organs to pick up chemical and visual signals vital to colonies that may contain a million or more workers, all of which are female. The brain contains half a million nerve cells; eyes are compound; antennae act as nose and fingertips. Projections below the mouth sense taste; hairs respond to touch.” [1]

Even if we are not aware of it, ants use a variety of methods to communicate, thanks to their very sensitive sensory organs. They use these organs at all times, from finding prey to following one another, and from building their nests to waging war. With 500,000 nerve cells squeezed into their 2-3 mm bodies, they possess a communications system that astonishes human beings.

The reactions in their communications have been divided into several specific categories: alarm, recruitment, grooming, exchange of oral and anal liquid, group effect, recognition, caste determination…[2]. Ants, which establish an ordered society by means of these reactions, live a life based on the mutual exchange of information. To bring about this exchange, they sometimes exhibit more flawless communication in areas that human beings often cannot resolve through speech, such as coming together, sharing, cleaning, and defence.

Ants mainly communicate on the chemical level. These semiochemicals, known as pheromones, are chemical compounds that are perceived by smell and secreted by internal glands. In addition, they play the most important role in organising ant societies. When an ‪#‎ant‬ secretes a pheromone, the other ants receive it by means of smell or taste and duly respond. Research into ant pheromones has revealed that all signals are emitted according to the needs of the colony. Moreover, the intensity of the pheromone emitted also varies according to the urgency of the situation at hands [3].

As we have seen, ants require a profound knowledge of chemistry to do what they do. The Qur’an draws our attention to this wonder of ‪#‎Allah’s‪#‎creation‬. Surely such creation could not have been by ‪#‎chance‬.

[1] National Geographic 165, no. 6, 777

[2] Bert Hölldobler and Edward O. Wilson, The Ants (Cambridge: Harvard University Press: 1990), 227

[3] Ibid., 244

All information was obtained from:

Source : TrueQuranSpeaks

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Hafsa was born and brought up in India. After receiving the blessings of Allah and the light of Islam she migrated to Qatar with her family. She is now a Muslim by the grace of Allah practicing Islam since around 4 years. Constantly trying to learn and share whatever she learns. The most important thing is to learn from the right source. To spread the right knowledge. She started off with this website with her brothers and husband only to learn and share from the right source. The visitors of this page are free to use the content only for the right cause and strictly without any alterations. Anybody who finds a flaw in the content are free to criticize while providing the right sources. Taqabbal Allahu Minna wa Minkum, Ameen